Getting Migration Governance Right

Photo of Sheikh HasinaThe Embassy of Bangladesh in Paris is proud to share with you an article titled " Getting Migration Governance Right", authored by H.E. Sheikh Hasina, Hon'ble Prime Minister of Bangladesh. In her article, Hon'ble Prime Minister has called upon the international community to give a closer look at the issue of migration, one of the most serious challenges facing the world today. The article has been published in the Project Syndicate, a prestigious forum that provides original, high-quality commentaries to a global audience by featuring exclusive contributions by prominent political leaders, policymakers, scholars, business leaders, and civic activists from around the world.Link: Getting Migration Governance Right

 

Bangladesh France Relations

 

POLITICAL RELATION

 

Bangladesh was recognized by France as a sovereign state on 14th February 1972. On 17th March 1972, Bangladesh opened its resident Diplomatic Mission in Paris. Since the visit of French President François Mitterrand to Bangladesh in 1990, the bilateral relations between the two countries have remained very cordial. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina paid an official visit to Paris in 1999. Throughout the last decades, the two countries have exchanged many visits at high political levels to maintain close relationship. In June 2010 Foreign Minister Dr. Dipu Moni, MP was received in Paris by her French counterpart Mr. Bernard Kouchner.

 

France remains a major partner of Bangladesh within the European Union. France is currently funding various projects in Bangladesh led by the European Union. France is also directly supporting infrastructure development projects in Bangladesh through l’Agence Française de Développement (AFD).

 

Important visits from Bangladesh

 

1978 May 1-3             :  Foreign Minister Professor Shamsul Huq  

 

1979 July 7-8              :  Prime Minister Shah Azizur Rahman

 

1980 Aug 20               : President Ziaur Rahman

 

1988 Nov 2 -5             : Prime Minister Moudud Ahmed

 

1989 Mar 22-24          : President H M Ershad

 

1989 July 12-15          : President H M Ershad

 

1990 Feb 6                 : President H M Ershad

 

1999 Sept 22-25         : Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina

 

2006 Apr 24               : Foreign Minister M Morshed Khan

 

2010 June 20-23         : Foreign Minister Dr. Dipu Moni  

 

2011 Mar 30-Apr 05  :  Finance Minister Abul Maal Abdul Muhith

 

Important visits from France

 

1987 March  8-10       : Mr. Didier Bariani, State secretary of Foreign Affairs

 

1987  Sept.  11-13      : Mr. Guillaume, Minister of Agriculture

 

1988 Sept. 13             : Mrs. Mitterrand, spouse of President François Mitterrand

 

 1989 Jan 27-31          : Mr. Bernard Kouchner, State secretary for humanitarian action

 

1990  Feb 22-24         : President Francois Mitterrand

 

1991 May 5-6             :  Mr. Bernard Kouchner, State secretary for humanitarian action  

 

1998 Sept 25          :  Mr. Charles Josselin, Minister for Cooperation and Francophonie

 

2003 April 26-27        : Mr. Renaud Muselier, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs

 

2004 Dec 11-13          : Mr. François Loos, Minister for Overseas Trade

 

2009 Oct                    : Mr. Jean-Louis BORLOO, Minister for Ecology,

Energy, Sustainable Development and Sea

 

 

Bilateral Agreements

 

 

Sl. No.

Name of the Agreement

Date of Signature

 

1.

Agreement between Bangladesh and France for Peaceful use of Nuclear Energy

29 August 1980

 

2.

Agreement on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments

10 September 1985

 

3.

Convention on Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to taxes on income

09 March 1987

 

4.

Agreement on Cultural, Scientific and Technical Cooperation

10 March 1987

 

5.

Memorandum of Understanding regarding conclusion of Air-Service Agreement between Bangladesh and France

02 July 1998

 

 

 

ECONOMIC RELATION  

 

France is the fourth largest export destination for Bangladesh. Readymade garments alone account for around 90% of our export earnings from France. Export of other products such as leather and footwear, shrimps and frozen fish, ceramic and pharmaceutical articles are also increasing in recent years. French exports to Bangladesh include spare parts for aircraft and vessels, alcoholic beverages, chemicals, food stuff etc.

 

The most notable French investment is the Lafarge-Surma cement factory (253 million USD) in Chhatak with a capacity of 1.2 million tons per year.  Total has investment in an LPG factory in Chittagong.  Other companies such as Aventis, ADEX, Adhipress, Danone, Vieola etc. have made smaller investments.

  

 

 

 

Bilateral Trade                                                                                                (Value in Million USD)     

F Y

Export

Import

Balance

2001-2002

413.69

83.38

(+) 330.31

2002-2003

418.51

93.86

(+) 324.65

2003-2004

553.50

65.62

(+) 487.88

2004-2005

625.51

67.30

(+) 558.21

2005-2006

678.94

70.93

(+) 608.01

2006-2007

731.76

73.25

(+) 658.51

2007-2008

953.13

118.23

(+) 834.90

2008-2009

1031.05

130.62

(+) 900.43

2009-2010

1025.88

101.19

(+) 924.69

2010-2011

1537.98

102.10

(+) 1435.88

2011-2012

1380.37

109.10

(+) 1271.27

2012-2013

(July-Oct 2012)

436.16

-

-

Source : EPB & Bangladesh Bank

EDUCATION, CULTURAL AND SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION

The two countries signed an Agreement on Cultural, Scientific and Technical Cooperationin 1987.

 

France runs two Alliance Francaise centers in Dhaka (established in 1959) and in Chittagong (established in 1965). Those centres work on developing the cultural ties between both the countries by sponsoring local and French cultural activities. France also runs an archaeological cooperation programme since 1993 at Mahastanghar of Bogra, an important archaeological site dating back to the fourth century B.C. until the 14th century.  

 

PEOPLE-TO-PEOPLE CONTACT

 

The people-to-people contact between Bangladesh and France is particularly strong. The people of France spontaneously came forward, under the leadership of the renowned French thinker and philosopher Mr. André Malraux, to mobilize international public opinion in support of Liberation war in 1971.  

 

According to the most recent French government statistics, there are about 12,000 Bangladeshis who have obtained either French citizenship or resident permit in France. Bangladeshis are mainly employed in the service sector including restaurants. Some of the Bangladeshis have small business establishments and restaurants. A small number of Bangladeshis are also employed as professionals, like doctors, engineers, and computer programmers.

 

Some French NGOs such as 'Friendship', Partners Bangladesh, Handicap International, Aide Médicale,  Développement, Kinésithérapeutes Du Monde, SOLINFO etc. Run various programs to help underprivileged people in various areas in Bangladesh.