Getting Migration Governance Right

Photo of Sheikh HasinaThe Embassy of Bangladesh in Paris is proud to share with you an article titled " Getting Migration Governance Right", authored by H.E. Sheikh Hasina, Hon'ble Prime Minister of Bangladesh. In her article, Hon'ble Prime Minister has called upon the international community to give a closer look at the issue of migration, one of the most serious challenges facing the world today. The article has been published in the Project Syndicate, a prestigious forum that provides original, high-quality commentaries to a global audience by featuring exclusive contributions by prominent political leaders, policymakers, scholars, business leaders, and civic activists from around the world.Link: Getting Migration Governance Right

Bangladesh Country Profile

 

Official Name 

People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Father of the Nation

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Head of the State

President Md. Abdul Hamid

Head of the Government        

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina

Geographical location 

Bangladesh is situated in the eastern part of the South Asian sub-Continent. It lies between latitudes 20034©

and 26038© Noth, and longitudes 88001© and 92041© East. The Country is bordered by India on the east,

west and north, and by the Bay of Bengal in the south and having a small border strip with Myanmar in the

south-east.

Area    

1,47,570 sq km (56,977 sq miles)

Administrative units    

8 Divisions, 64 Districts, 488 Upazilas, 4,550 Unions, 59,990 Mouzas,

87,316 Hamlets

City Corporations                                   

11

Municipalities  

321

Capital   

Dhaka

Nationality      

Bangladeshi

Official Language                                   

Bangla

Currency     

Taka/Tk. (US$ 1=Tk 77.80)

Time      

GMT+6 hours

Population (as of 04 November 2015)    

159 Million

Population Growth Rate (2011)              

1.37%

Population Density per sq.km (2013)    

1049

Sex ratio (2011)                                      

103 males per 100 females

Fertility Rate (per woman, 2011)           

2.11%

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (2013)   

62.4%

Life Expectancy at Birth (2014)              

70.7 years

Infant Mortality per 1000 Live Births (below1year,2013)                 

20.30

Literacy Rate, 7+yrs, (2015)                  

62.3%

Percentage of Labour Force in Agriculture Sector (2013)                 

45.1%

Industries Sector (2013)                

20.8%

Percentage of other Labour Force (2013)

34.1%

GDP growth rate (2014-15)                   

6.51%

Per capita GDP (2014-15)                       

US$ 1314

Saving-GDP Ratio (2014-15)                 

29.12%

Revenue Expenditure-GDP Ratio (2014-15)

16.55%

Investment-GDP Ratio (2013-14)           

28.97%

Population below Poverty Line (2015)  

24.3% (daily intake below 2122 k. Cal.)

Main Seasons                                       

Spring (February-March), Summer (April-June), Monsoon (July-September),

Autumn (October-November), Winter (December-January)

Annual Average Rainfall                       

200.5 mm

Monsoon Rainfall                                    

1220 mm to 2114 mm (Average: 1645

Annual Average Temperature                 

21.30 C (minimum) to 30.60 C (maximum)

Annual Average Humidity                      

81%

Principal Rivers 

Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli

Principal Crops and Fruits                    

Rice, Wheat, Jute, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Pulses, Oilseeds, Spices, Potato, Vegetables, Banana, Mango,

Coconut and Jackfruit

 

Principal Industries                      

Readymade garments, jute and cotton textiles, tea processing, paper, cement, chemical fertilizers,

light engineering, sugar, oil refining, steel, shipbuilding, brick manufacturing, real estate, carpet

making, ceramic-ware, pharmaceuticals, assembling buses & trucks, plastic ware, consumer electronics

Principal Mineral Resources 

Natural gas, coal, limestone, ceramic clay, glass sand, hard rock

Principal Exports                              

Readymade garments, raw jute, jute goods, tea, shrimp, fish, finished leatherand leather goods, pharmaceuticals,

flowers, fruit and vegetables, ceramic-ware, IT and ITES, handicrafts, newsprint

Total Export Receipts (2014-2015         

US$ 30.17 billion

Total Import Expenditure (2014-2015)   

US$ 40.67 billion

Total Remittance Receipts (2014-2015) 

US$ 14.22 billion

Foreign Currency Reserve (as of 1st November 2015)

US$ 27 billion

Seaports       

Chittagong and Mongla

International Airports                             

Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet

Domestic Airports  

Jessore, Ishwardi, Comilla, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Barisal

Radio stations                                                   

Transmissions cover the entire country. Apart from

national terrestrial radio (Bangladesh Betar), there are 4 non Government FM radio channels in Bangladesh.

TV Channels                                              

There are 2 terrestrial state run TV channels: Bangladesh Television ( BTV ) and Sangshad Television. BTV runs

a TV channel BTV World which broadcasts by satellite 24 hours a day to Asia, Australasia and the Middle East.

Besides, there are 41 non Government TV Channels in Bangladesh

Popular sports                                                       

Cricket, Football, Hockey, Kabaddi, (national game), Swimming, Volleyball, Badminton, Chess

Telephone per 100 people                      

Landphone-2.07 Cell Phone-63.74

Mobile telephony penetration (mid 2015)     

128.769 million

Export Processing Zones (EPZs)           

08

Special Economic Zones (SEZs)             

22